Jazz. Original location of the Cotton Club. Jazz grew out of the era’s ragtime music, and its influence was not restricted to the musical arena. Author F. Scott Fitzgerald labeled the period from the end of the Great War to the Great Depression as the “Jazz Age” as much for the cultural change it brought about as the music that defined it.. Literature during the Harlem Renaissance was not only a way of expression for the African Americans, but it also served as a way to celebrate black culture. (Wallace 18) (Tarver and Paula) During this period experimentation and expression of music in the African American community was popular. Jazz music and the blues became the main music. "/>The literature of the harlem renaissance quizlet